Dermatoglyphics refers to the branch of science in the study of the patterns of skin (dermal), ridges present on the fingers, toes and the soles of human. Scientifically it has been proven that no two people can have the same fingerprints in this world. And once a child is born, his fingerprints are completely developed and they remain unchanged till the end of his life.
Fingerprints start developing when the fetus is in mother's womb from the 13 th week of gestation period. This is the same period when the brain of the fetus also starts developing. So, the development of fingerprints and the development of brain happens simultaneously.
We all know that our entire body is controlled by the brain. Brain has 2 parts - Left Brain and Right Brain. The Right Part of our body is controlled by Left Brain and the Left Part of our body is controlled by Right Brain.
Medical experts and scientists thus discovered that the amount of brain cells distributed in different parts of the brain help us understand a person's multiple intelligence as well as his innate potential capabilities and personality. Our fingerprints reveal to us what we need and how we learn, transforming our lives through a holistic education approach.
Why do we have only 5 Fingers in 1 hand?
The way we have 5 fingers in one hand, similarly each part of our brain (Left & Right) has 5 lobes named as Pre-frontal Lobe, Frontal Lobe, Parietal Lobe, and Occipital Lobe & Temporal Lobe. Each finger represents one lobe of each part of brain.
Types of Fingerprints & Characteristics
- Whorl: Target centric, Goal oriented, Very aggressive, Stubborn, Independent etc.
- Arch: Showy, Talkative, Practical, Absorbing, Passionate, Center of Attention, Influential etc.
- Loop: Peaceful, Calm, People Oriented, Relationship Oriented, Great Team Player etc.
- Accidental: May have mix characteristics, depending upon the combination.
Uniqueness: There are no two identical fingerprints. One's 10 fingers are not the same. Dermatoglyphics style, striae height, density, quantity and location of the point are not the same for everyone. No individual has ever displayed the same fingerprint from another digit even if taken from the same hand.
Invariance: The raised pattern network of lifetime from birth to death will not change even if it is due to the regeneration of the labor dermatoglyphics style, quantity and profile shape which is determined later.
Hereditary: According to scientific statistics, immediate family members will be more or less the same between the striae. Normal human cells have 23 pairs of chromosomes. If the chromosomes of the tree or structure are changed, it will cause the corresponding striae mutation. Therefore, the striae have inherited the mutation.
When the fetus is in the mother's womb, the life area of the fetus' brain is developed. From 0-3 years old, the emotional area develops rapidly. Between 4-8 years old, the thought function/area develops. Whereas, between 9-16 years old the mental/spiritual part gradually matures. Hence, after 17 years, "want" and "do not want" become the brain's main model of operation.
Dermatoglyphics Scientific Study
1684: Dr. Nehemiah Grew (1641-1712) presented Finger Prints, Palms and Soles An Introduction To Dermatoglyphics to the Royal Society
1685: Dr.Bidloo published an anatomical atlas, Anatomia Humani Corporis, with illustrations showing the human figure both in living attitudes and as dissected cadavers
1686: Dr. Marcello Malphigi (1628-1694) noted in his treatise; ridges, spirals and loops in fingerprints
1788: J.C.Mayer was the first to write out basic tenets of fingerprint analysis and theorized that fingerprints were unique
1823: Dr. Jan Purkinje classified the papillary lines on the fingertips into nine types: arch, tented arch, ulna loop, radial loop, peacock's eye/compound, spiral whorl, elliptical whorl, circular whorl, and double loop/composite.
1823: Joannes Evangelista Purkinji found that the patterns on one's finger tips and the ridges and lines on one's prints begin to form at around the thirteenth week in the womb.
1832: Dr. Charles Bell (1774-1842) was one of the first physicians to combine the scientific study of neuroanatomy with clinical practice. He published The Hand: Its Mechanism and Vital Endowments as Evincing Design.
1893: Dr. Francis Galton published his book, "Fingerprints", establishing the individuality and permanence of fingerprints. The book included the first classification system for fingerprints: Arch, Loop, and Whorl.
1897: Harris Hawthorne Wilder was the first American to study dermatoglyphics. He invented the Main Line Index, studied thinner hypothenar eminencies, zones II, III, IV.
1926: Dr. Harold Cummins & Dr. Charles
Midlo coined the term "dermatoglyphics". They showed that the
hand contained significant dermatoglyphic configurations that would
assist the identification of mongolism in the new-born child.
1936: Dr. Harold Cummins & Dr. Charles Midlo also researched the embryo-genesis of skin ridge patterns and established that the fingerprint patterns actually develop in the womb and are fully formed by the fourth fetal month.
1957: Dr.Walker used the dermal configurations in the diagnosis of mongolism
1969: John J. Mulvihill, MD and David W. Smith, MD published The Genesis of Dermatoglyphics that provides the most up to date version of how fingerprints form.